– simmilar and different –
Fipple flute is end-blown flute that can be found in traditional folk music of many cultures all over the world. In fipple flute the top end is stopped with a block (fipple) except for a small, flat opening for blowing, and there is a notch (duct) in the top side of the pipe near the blowing end. Good and well known examples of fipple flute are e.g. Recorder, NAF (Norht American Flute) and Irish tin whistle.
The Fujara is a kind of very long fipple flute. Although the voice creation is the same as in above mensioned fipple flutes, Fujara flute design is though quite different from traditional end blown fipple flute:
- Fujara flute stands out with its grand dimensions (appr. 1.7m / 67″ long) and due to its construction it is endowed with more bassier and softer sound than any other fipple flute available.
- Due to Fujara flute’s grand dimensions additional side pipe for air supply is needed – thus Fujara bass flute is no longer an end blown fipple flute…
- On contrary to recorder, NAF or Irish whistle is the Fujara an overtone flute. This makes the playing technique quite different where the most important role plays the player’s breath, not the fingerings.
Special Fujara design and master craftmanship developed and refined over centuries, allow Fujara flute to play much wider spectrum of overtones than any other fipple flute. This also determines Fujara playing techinque which is rather different from standard fipple flute playing techinque.
Standard fipple flute designs like e.g. NAF, recorder or Irish tin whistle can play in first or second overtone series only and the melody is played out mainly by fingering. On contrary, the Fujara fipple flute is capable to play in 12 overtone series and the melody is mostly played by overblowing the instrument and thus reaching various overtones.
E.g. recorder – sdandard fipple flute – has 9 holes and the height of the tone is decided mainly by fingering the vents. Fujara flute has only 3 holes (vents) but the height of the tone is decided mainly by the strength of in-blown air.
This makes the Fujara flute playing technique very natural and easy to learn for anybody.
Fujara flute’s beautiful voice sounding in perfect harmony with the player’s breath give a very satisfactory feeling even for the very beginner and make the learning process fun, interesting and thus easy. Moreover, every fujara flute is “naturaly” tuned to itself while the fujara flute’s scale is mostly created by overblowing the overtones. Put simply, Fujara won’t let you play bad even at the very beginning.
Still, Fujara is capable to play pure diatonic major scale in two octaves, on G fujara from g(G3) to g2(G5).